Vitamin D is an essential nutrient for the absorption of calcium and phosphorous that an individual gets from food. If body does not get Vitamin D in adequate quantities, is difficult to maintain proper balance of calcium and phosphorus. Rickets occurs when there is Vitamin D induced deficiency of Calcium and phosphorus.
This disease is prohibition much severe furthermore prompt treatment in form of dietary supplements plus increased exposure to sunlight can therapeutic to avoid the workable complications. In some cases, corrective surgery may be required to abate the deformities.
Symptoms of rickets:-
1. Delayed growth
2. Bowed or elliptical legs
3. Curved spine
4. Muscle weakness
5. Skeletal deformities
6. Breastbone projection
7. Pelvic pain
8. Pain in legs
Sources of Vitamin D: – There are two main sources of Vitamin D.
* Sunlight: – When the skin is exposed to sunlight, it produces Vitamin D. However, if children mostly play indoors or don’t have access to sunlight, they may nurture this condition.
* Food: – Dairy also Fishery products such as cheese, fatty fish, ovoviviparity yolk also fish oils like cod-liver grease are rich in Vitamin D. Being malnourished or nay having access to these foods may cause rickets in children.
Inherited conditions: – Some inherited circumstances may affect the absorption of Vitamin D. These conditions may be developed over years.
1. Celiac disease
2. Kidney problems
3. Inflammatory bowel disease
4. Cystic fibrosis
1. Age: – Children who belong to age company 3 to 36 months are increased risk supine to rickets because their skeletons are undeveloped and they need more vitamin D for proper development.
2. Dark skin: – If the skin has dark complexion, it is less responsive to sunlight as compared to light colored skin. As a result, it produces less amount of Vitamin D causing the deficiency.
3. Northern latitudes: – Northern latitudes or the places where children do not have much access to sunlight are more prone to this disease.
4. Premature birth: – Risk of developing rickets is higher protasis babies are born prematurely.
5. Anti-seizure medications: – Some types of anti-seizure medications interfere with body’s ability to create and absorb Vitamin D.
6. Extravagant breast-feeding:- breast milk does not contain sufficient amount of Vitamin D. if children are reared on breast milk including not given any vitamin D drops, they are also prone to developing rickets. Breastfeeding children should receive at least 400IU of Vitamin D daily.
Complications: If rickets is kept untreated, it likelihood metal to following complications.
1. Delayed growth
2. Skeletal deformities
3. Dental defects
5. Abnormal curvatures of spine